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Tanddannelses-forstyrrelser og tandsundhed hos børn med læbe-gane-spalte

ABSTRACT

Oversigtsartikel Dato: 05.08.2016

Læbe-gane-spalte (LGS) er med en forekomst på 1:500 nyfødte den hyppigst forekommende ansigtsmisdannelse i Danmark. Danmark har verdens ældste centraliserede og standardiserede gratis behandlingssystem for LGS-patienter, hvilket er udmøntet i, at den specialiserede behandling og kirurgi planlægges og udføres på de to læbe-gane-spalte-centre og de relaterede universitetshospitaler. Dette betyder høj ensartet behandlingskvalitet og unikke forskningsmuligheder inden for området. LGS klassificeres i undergrupper relateret til deres oprindelse og placering (fx isoleret læbespalte, isoleret ganespalte, kombineret læbe-ganespalte). I artiklen beskrives og diskuteres tanddannelsesforstyrrelser samt tandsundheden hos individer med LGS.

Developmental disturbancies in dentition and oral health in children with cleft lip and palate Cleft lip and palate (CLP) is the most common congenital malformation of the face (occurrence in Denmark 1:500 newborns). The Danish Health Care has a long standing tradition for support of standardized, centralized, and free treatment for patients born with a cleft malformation (The two Cleft Lip and Palate Centers and related university hospitals). These centers organize all treatment related to the cleft condition such as e.g. plastic surgery, orthodontics, and speech training, whereas “ordinary” dental treatment and what may follow is related to the patients’ private dentist (in adult or pediatric dentistry). These special conditions have caused a unique high standard of treatment and exceptional possibilities for research in CLP. This paperwill summarize the above mentioned treatment system, the most common cleft types, as well as developmental disturbances in the dentition and oral health in children with cleft lip and palate.

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