INCIDENCE OF TRAUMATIC DENTAL INJURIES is highest in the young population, before the pubertal growth phase when cranio-facial development is most intensive. As traumatic dental injuries frequently affect the maxillary anterior teeth, young people must live their life with sequelae compromising aesthetic, function and life expectancy of the dentition.
Root resorptions is a frequent consequence after traumatic dental injuries, in particular severe luxation injuries. This article presents classification of external root resorptions due to traumatic dental injuries. The main features and clinical picture are illustrated with clinical examples. It is important to distinguish the different types of root resorptions and their stimuli, as they should be treated different. Infection related resorptions demand early diagnoses and interventions, while repair related resorptions need observation only. Replacement resorptions with increasing infraocclusion should not be observed if maxillo- facial growth and alveolar process is affected.
Proper emergency treatment is crucial for traumatic dental injuries. Follow-up should be according to guidelines such as: www. dentaltraumaguide.org. Inter disciplinary competence should be available for patients with traumatic dental injuries - and their dentist so that advanced diagnostics and treatment can be utilized to optimize the treatment both in the short and long term.